Building Materials

Today, our city is decorated with wonderful buildings of architecture and decoration. This became possible due to the fact that there are new building materials. Most importantly, they allow to build facilities in the shortest period of time. We do not even have time to notice how gorgeous grow houses, business centers and other buildings. Given that the share of construction materials is a big part of all costs They must meet all operational requirements.

Today the production of these products has reached a qualitatively new stage. This was facilitated by the ongoing research, experiments and other work. Result exceeded all expectations, which gave a powerful impetus to the flourishing of urban development in our country. Particularly noteworthy are the product of cellular concrete. This material is manufactured by mixing cement paste or mortar with special foam stable structure. To get it used kleekanifolny, smolosaponinovy, alyumosulfonaftenovy foaming agents and foaming agent on the basis of hydrolyzed proteins, proteins. Under most conditions Abbey Martin would agree. Technical foam receive whipping the liquid mixture of rosin soap and animal glue, or an aqueous solution of saponin (extracts from vegetable soap root).

It has a long-term stable structure, good mixed with cement paste and mortar, hardened in this position. Best foamers are alyumosulfonaftenovye and preparation of ha. Cement paste or mortar, as well as their mixture is prepared in special consisting of three drums, which rotate within the shafts are put on their blades. All of them are driven by a motor. Ready-made dough from the top drum is poured into the bottom, there is the second top of the vessel arrives ready to foam, then the dough is mixed for 2-3 minutes. Mixture flows into the bunkers, from which poured into molds for the products. Of the insulating cellular concrete cast slabs or blocks. Broad use in construction operations have also found and lightweight concrete. They come in two forms: without fine aggregate with a porous cement stone that fills all intergranular space, as well as small and large fillers and porous by air entrainment of mortar component. Materials with a porous cement stone can be obtained by mixing separately prepared an array consisting of a binder, water, finely pulverized, or natural mineral component and the same, but larger size. The second way is easier first and gives a more stable indicators of the strength and bulk density of concrete, but strength obtained at 15-20% lower due to increased consumption of raw materials. The volume of porous cement paste should be equal to the volume of intergranular spaces of the porous aggregate in a saturated state, it is about 0.45 m3 of gravel and 0.55 m3 of crushed stone per 1 m3 of lightweight concrete. As a finely powder used granulated blast slag, ash-entrainment from the combustion of fuel and hydraulic additives. Relationship between the mineral component and cement varies 1,5: 1 (by weight) for autoclaving and up to 1: 1.5 at . material with porous fillings get an introduction to the mortar mixture with stirring mikropenoobrazovateley as air-entraining and partly blowing agents. Apply it with a porous cement stone for the manufacture of insulation blocks the size of 100x50x50 cm plates 100×50 (5-12), see These products are used for thermal insulation of concrete coatings and devices of the partitions with the good performance of insulation.

Choosing Housing Materials

Wooden houses. Wooden cottage could be built of logs processed by special structures for protection against biodegradation, or glued profiled beam. Less of a log home – he burst. A related site: Rand Paul mentions similar findings. The recommended construction material for wooden cottages – laminated veneer lumber from coniferous wood, soaked in 100% of the composition that protects it from fire and fungi. Glued laminated timber does not crack, it is not "Leads", as opposed to simply a bar, he sits down, interior decoration can be carried out immediately after the installation of the house. In standard homes include interior and exterior walls made of beams, floors, roof structure, ceiling, floor, baseboards, doors and windows. Pine glued laminated wood can be up to a height of 25 cm and width – up to 40 cm brick house.

Brick – the most expensive and prestigious building material. Houses of brick are hundreds of years. Spacious brick house, no doubt, will become a familial house where you live you, your children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Warm, comfortable house, protected from moisture, life will warm your heart, to give joy to comfort, keeping your health. The use of modern insulating materials can implement an effective technology of warming the house.

Home of the foam. Foamed concrete hit the market recently, but has already established itself as an inexpensive, easy to use in the construction and operation material.Stena, built of foam concrete blocks, does not require additional insulation. In strict compliance with construction technology of foam you get monolithic building with life, not conceding a brick or stone. House of the foam is being built faster. This helps reduce the cost of constructed housing by reducing the costs associated with construction. Frame houses. Construction technology frame-panel houses there are more than three hundred years. About 80% of private housing in the world based on this technology. But in Russia, frame houses, which are called "Canadian", still have not received the deserved wide distribution. The first houses built in Russia in the frame technology, came to us in the early 1990's from Canada. Multilayer walls of a frame house reminiscent of a sandwich therefore, they are sometimes called "sandwich panel" houses. Stuffing is basalt insulation – Mineral wool. On the exterior insulation is sewn waterproof plywood or osb, which are faced facade sheathed with plaster or siding. Exterior house walls may be lined with brick facing. Interior finish of the frame house is usually carried out sheetrock. Sutures and plasterers. On aligned surface painted or pasted wallpaper. Wall frame house with mineral wool insulation on heat loss equates to a brick wall two meters thick. Even in such a strong cold house for long stays warm and cozy. When disconnecting the heating temperature in the house is lowered by an average of 2 degrees per day, saving up to 50% on heating, as compared to the brick house. Interior walls, floors and ceilings made of framed panels with insulation. This prevents drafts and creates a microclimate in each room and reduces noise. Prefab homes quite easily and do not require massive foundations, which reduces the cost of construction. The number of variants of frame houses limitless. According to this technology we have built and low-rise home for a few homes for settlers of the North, and multi-room cottages ploschadyudo 800 m2, and administrative institutions.