The displacement showed in them, and already it has studies on the phenomenon, that the agricultural one can subsistir culturally for long time is of the agricultural economy. (Souza Martins, P.02). In analysis on lack of public politics for the field and the problems that influence in the abandonment of the properties, causing the agricultural exodus and consequentemente in the population increase in the city; it can be perceived that such problematic boarded ones here, are of historical characteristics. Agricultural Sociology, sociology this that the agriculturists try to explain truily, is not no privilege for the citizen who lives field. The research and survey on the way of life of the people who inhabit in the field disclose distress them and a great loss of heart for many agriculturists; the explanation of this everything, if summarizes in a phrase ' ' to search benefits and quality of life in the city, because in the field not existe' '. In the period where agriculture in the region of the Transamaznica in the city starts of Medicilndia, appears some problems in the agricultural communities; they lack roads, schools, esportivos ranks of health, environments, among others. The population grew sufficiently and proportionally the problems also; at this moment a small revolution led for small communitarian leaders starts. The objective age to fight for the agricultural population, then the claims had never stopped and until today it continues. These small social movements of base had been growing slowly and to the few they had been if constituting in associations and cooperatives, partners of the STTR had later become (Agricultural Union of the Trabalhadores/as) the condition of citizen in a new way to make politics of the new social movements have its bigger emblem in ' ' affirmation positiva' ' of its centered transparent activities in ' ' action coletiva.' ' The visibility of the actions is present in different spaces: in small decentralized groups that choose the proper way of participation in the public spaces collective; in global spaces, in the media, and, therefore, being part of our experiences of day-by-day.