There are a variety of evaluation tests of child language covering phonological, syntactic and speech for the diagnosis of various diseases. However, very few of them are focused to examine in depth a specific disease, let alone to generate treatment strategies using the information collected. To create a test examination for an individual type of disorder and in order that this evidence you provide information to generate therapeutic approaches must know very well the symptoms and characteristics. Furthermore, we use a theoretical foundation that supports us and allows us to build a model to examine the symptoms and identify potential therapeutic orientations. In this article I will present the structure of a manual examination for one of the most enigmatic diseases, from my point of view, and generates great confusion among education professionals and health, “Dysphasia. The outline of this manual was first presented at the Seminar “Language: A New Proposal” from the Metropolitan University of Educational Sciences (UMCE) in October 1996 (Santiago / Chile).
GENERAL BACKGROUND. Dysphasia. Dysphasia is a specific and severe disorder, characterized by a disturbed form of language organization may or may not coexist with associated deficits such as hearing impairment, mental, motor or emotional disorders, these conditions not being the cause of the disorder. (See Review of Dysphasia). Communication Forms dysphasic children. In terms of how to communicate Ajuriaguerra dysphasic children (1970) describes two types.
1. The first is characterized by verbal sparing, use simple sentences and there is a matched between comprehension and expression. Its performance is rather flat unchanged. 2. The second type uses complex sentences, is careless with the word order and there is a large gap between comprehension and expression. His performance is very variable. Symptomatology. Symptoms can be divided into linguistic and nonlinguistic. Some of the most characteristic linguistic symptoms are: o Echolalia: Echolalia is defined as a kind of language but not communicating, which is manifested by the repetition of words or phrases of the speaker immediately or deferred. Are you interested in this item?