HDL and LDL Cholesterol

Cholesterol – a natural fat (lipophilic) alcohol contained in the cell membranes of all living organisms (except bezyadernyh organisms). Cholesterol – a valuable element of cell membranes, without it cells can not or HDL – are called 'good' holisterinom. Podschityvanie general location of cholesterol in blood is based on the analysis of blood. a lot of "bad" cholesterol in the blood, it will gradually accumulate in the inner walls of arteries. Together with other substances will be created so-called plaques, narrowing the arteries and make them less flexible. This disease is called atherosclerosis. Blocking of the arteries with plaque can cause stroke or heart attack.

On average, 25-33% of cholesterol transferred HDL or "good" lipoproteins. High levels of HDL protects against heart attacks. Low levels of HDL (nezhe 40 mg / dL) increases the risk of heart disease. Triglycerides – the form fats, formed in the body. High level of triglycerides is often combined with low levels of cholesterol, high density, that is 'good cholesterol', and this indicates that the fat particles into the blood, what is the cause of vascular disease.

Consequently, high triglyceride levels should be perceived as a danger signal. One of the fatal mistakes that people make with respect to cholesterol, is that they believe, supposedly all the foods that are high in fat are rich in cholesterol. Those who reduce the acceptance of various vegetable oils in order to reduce calorie intake, while at the same time the levels of fat and cholesterol, does more harm than good. Vegetable oil contains no cholesterol! Yes, it is 100% composed of fat, but fat is important to us in order to effectively burn fat! Simply add to food omega-3 fats, which are in oil and fish, and the body begins to burn fat, as in the furnace of a locomotive! Reduce cholesterol levels contribute to the garlic, folic acid, vitamin E, green tea, niacin. Perfectly helps reduce cholesterol levels and normalization of blood pressure unusual juice noni. In the human body cholesterol is the 'raw material' for the formation of steroid hormones, particularly sex: estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Without cholesterol education can not be vitamin D, deficiency of which provokes in young children rickets. In the end, of the formation of cholesterol in the liver, bile acids, which are necessary for digesting fats, and this, of course, many mean for normal functioning of all organs.

Protein, Bacteria and DNA

First, a little about our bodies. According to Darwin, we have people in the investigation of periodic errors in code of the simplest organisms of the protein. The principle is simple – the structure of each bacteria implies a clear algorithm development, life and aging. Errors in the replication of the structure of bacteria (mutation) early in the process of evolution allowed the simplest bacteria to change the properties of their structure, and then everything sounds even simpler – the changes of these properties have led to a difference between cells, and as the complexity of the bacteria began to appear protective mechanisms, complex structure of the interaction of cells. If analyzing only the initial stage of evolution, one would grasp its principles and apply them in software development, we would get the program adapts to the needs of man. You may think that it is very difficult to implement.

Nope. Actually very simple. Man is made up of bacteria. Bacteria are composed of DNA and other auxiliary protein material. DNA – it's information environment bacteria, and bacteria is the actuators that is, programs that act on the information environment (and all performed well.) Sometimes, the DNA molecule, for some reason lost (as is the loss of data due to clusters of broken disks, hard disks), and it leads to mutations! In biological machines mutations often do not lead to anything good, because errors during replication lead to failure throughout the system, but when it comes to multicellular organisms, it can sometimes lead to the destruction of the whole organism.

First Aid For Burns

Burn – one of the most dangerous injuries to the body. Factor plays an important role and degree of burn size (household burns, burns, severe). Depending on the level assigned to the appropriate medical care. Burn – this is tissue damage under high temperature or chemicals. They come in four vidov.himicheskie burns, electric burns, thermal burns, radiation burns.

Experts estimate the seriousness of the burn area and depth of damage. What these figures is less than the faster and easier to burn heals. In order to measure the surface of the damaged section, enter the following standard. It is known that the hand of man is a percentage of the surface of his body. To determine the proportion of the damaged surface of the human body decided to allocate 11 segments of 9 percent (the so-called rule of "nines"). So, each arm is 9 percent of the total body, a leg – 18, face and neck – 9 and so on.

Thermal damage to the covers are most common, often accompanied by thermal inhalation injury (TIT), combinations with mechanical trauma. Heat damage includes heating of tissue above the critical level – 45oS. This is accompanied by denaturation of proteins. Tissue damage is the total derivative of heat and is characterized by a view (source) of the thermal agent, the duration of his and thermal conductivity of the tissue. Hydrophilic human skin has a high specific heat and low thermal conductivity (so the skin is overheated very slowly, but slowly and cooled). Thus, thermal damage continues even after, when the thermal agent has been extinguished or removed (this is of great importance in terms of first aid). Dead as a result of the thermal factor superficial tissues are said to burn scab. A slight warming of the skin (up to 60 C) leads to the formation of wet (kollikvatsionnogo) scab. A more significant warming of the skin formed a dense dry (Coagulation) scab. The degree of density and thickness of the crust can be different (depending on temperature, exposure, exposure, etc.) Burn wound – a three-dimensional mass of damaged tissue. On its edge is determined by the congestion zone, and center – the area of coagulation. The intermediate zone – a zone or a zone of stagnation paranecrosis, so named because it becomes a static circulation. As a result, the thermal effect of the microcirculatory bed in this area fixed red blood cells and mikrotrombov. Depending on the depth of destruction are following the severity of burns: I degree (minor burns) – redness, pain and minor swelling of the skin; II degree (mild burn) – severe pain at the site formed a burn blisters filled with fluid; III degree (severe burns) – necrosis and peeling of the skin. Pain with weak or absent, since the nerve endings are destroyed; IV degree (very severe state) – the destruction of not only the skin but also the deeper tissues and even bones. First aid for burns 1. If possible, remove all clothing covering the burned body surface. It can only cut and not removed. 2 burnt place with oil or alcohol. You can not pull anything that is stuck to the surface of the burn. 4. If there are bubbles, puncture, or delete them. Protect their cotton-gauze bandage, taking care not to put pressure on the sore spot, where the fiber wool should be fairly thick. 5. If you have already broken through the bubbles, cover with a sterile bandage them, and put the top layer of cotton and secure. Further to accelerate tissue repair using Polimedel.